The Process

The Process

The Process

Selection Process

The selection process is job-related and competitive in nature. The process is designed to determine a candidate's potential for success in the NYSP Academy, and as a State Trooper. No prior police experience is required. The first step in the selection process is to complete our entrance exam application. Apply now for our Entrance Exam.

After applying, the complete selection process consists of:

  1. Passing the Entrance Examination
  2. Physical Ability Test (PAT)
  3. Psychological Evaluation
  4. Background Investigation and Polygraph Test
  5. Medical Examination

Entrance Examination

The NYSP Entrance Examination is a two-hour test consisting of 150 multiple-choice questions to measure cognitive abilities, along with behavioral characteristics and attitudes. A comprehensive study guide for the exam is provided by the State Police.

With the 2022 exam, the New York State Police have switched from a paper-pencil test to computer-based testing. The agency has partnered with Pearson VUE Testing Centers to provide the exam at 250 locations across the US, including 50 plus in New York State. In addition, testing will be offered for military personnel at 112 locations worldwide.

Beginning December 3, 2021 and through April 10, 2022, candidates will be able to select a testing location convenient to where they live, work or study, along with a date and time.

The last scheduled date to test is April 30, 2022.

Map of New York Testing Site Locations

Map of New York and Surrounding State Testing Site Locations

List of Military Base Testing Site Locations

Eligibility List

Following the entrance examination, an eligibility list is established and remains in effect for a minimum of one year, and a maximum of four years. Candidates will be ranked in order of exam scores, plus any applicable veteran's credit.

As new trooper positions are authorized, candidates from the eligibility list will be notified to appear for processing. It is extremely important to keep your information updated so that we may be able to contact you when your rank is reached. Update here.

Candidate Processing Weekend

Candidate processing is typically conducted during a weekend at the New York State Police Academy in Albany, NY. Candidate processing takes place approximately six months prior to the start of an Academy class.

During candidate processing weekend, candidates participate in a series of tests and reviews that include, but are not limited to: college transcript review; physical ability test; vision test; hearing test; and reviewing of documents.

Physical Ability Test

The Trooper Candidate Physical Ability Test (PAT) is typically conducted on a Saturday during a candidate processing weekend.

The test measures a candidate's ability to fulfill the essential job functions of the position. The candidate must perform three physical tests, evaluated on a pass-fail basis.

Candidates are invited to participate in the PAT portion of the selection process according to their rank based upon their score on the written examination.

Fitness Requirements

Conditional Offer of Appointment

Candidates who successfully complete the Physical Ability Test are offered an appointment to the position of New York State Trooper, which is conditional upon:

  • The successful completion of the medical examination.
  • Completion of a background investigation.
  • The number of potential vacancies.

Background Investigation

To help determine character and to verify information provided by the applicant, each potential appointee will be the subject of:

  • A thorough background investigation: Applicants must authorize access to educational, financial, employment, and criminal history records. Family, neighbors, associates, and others will be interviewed.
    Derogatory information will be evaluated and may result in disqualification.
  • A polygraph examination: Examinations are conducted at various locations statewide, after processing weekend.

Candidates who receive a satisfactory evaluation on the background investigation and meet all other administrative requirements will be considered eligible for appointment.

Medical Examination

Approximately one month prior to appointment to an Academy class, medical examinations will be conducted at the New York State Police Academy in Albany, NY, by a NYSP Division Physician. Each potential appointee will be required to authorize access to mental health records.

The Division Physician will examine the candidate's medical condition and general ability to perform the essential related job functions.

If the Division Physician should recommend that a candidate is unable to perform the essential functions of the position, the conditional offer of appointment may be revoked by the Superintendent and the candidate will be disqualified.


Deferment Information

If you are invited for further processing but cannot attend, a deferment may be granted in certain cases. If you cannot attend processing, write a letter explaining why you cannot attend and request a deferment for a future Academy class processing. Deferments are granted on a case-by-case basis. The deferment request should be mailed to:

Member Hiring Unit
New York State Police
1220 Washington Avenue - Building 22
Albany, N.Y. 12226

Military Candidates

If you are in the military and cannot attend due to an activation or deployment, please send a copy of your orders and outline your circumstances in a letter requesting a deferment to the address listed above . Upon return, contact your local recruiter and send a letter to the Member Hiring Unit advising that you have returned and are available to continue with the hiring process.

College Credits

If you are invited for further processing but do not have the required number of college credits, you will need to request a deferment. Candidates in consideration for an Academy class are processed approximately six months prior to the date the class is to be appointed. The college credit requirement pertains to the date of appointment, not the date of processing. If the number of college credits you have completed falls below the requirement by more than six credits, and you are not currently enrolled in sufficient course work to satisfy the requirement at the time of processing, an educational deferral request in writing should be submitted. If there is no way you can obtain the required number of credits by the established deadline outlined in the trooper candidate processing packet/letters of invite, you should write a letter requesting a deferment to a later class in order to complete college. The deferment request should be mailed to the address listed above.